Search

Skip to content
icon

Public Engagement

Public Engagement Document


Annex

Annex 1: The Public Engagement Process

The public engagement (PE) adopts a bottom-up and stakeholder oriented approach based upon a two-stage framework: Stage 1 - Setting Directions for Public Discussion on Climate Mitigation Actions; and Stage 2 - Building Awareness of Climate Change Impacts and Nurturing Consensus for the Transition Towards a Low-carbon Society.

In Stage 1, a Support Group (SG) comprising experts from different fields was formed in May 2018 to provide advice to the Council for Sustainable Development (SDC) on a more definitive scope of the PE. Towards this end, the SG organised six Focus Groups from July to August 2018 with various stakeholders including professional organisations, academics, green groups, youth organisations, business organisations, transport operators, property management companies, representatives from District Councils and relevant government advisory bodies and committees, etc. The stakeholders were invited to give their initial views on the overall direction of the PE, with a view to outlining key issues for public discussion and suggesting ways to encourage public participation.

Based on the views collected from the focus groups and advice of the SG, the SDC has compiled this PE document to further engage the public and stakeholders in Stage 2. In this stage, the SDC, with the support of the Policy for Sustainability Lab of the Centre for Civil Society and Governance at The University of Hong Kong, will introduce this PE document to the wider community and organise a number of briefing sessions, regional forums and other public interaction activities to gauge the views of the community in formulating Hong Kong’s long-term decarbonisation strategy. In order to reach out to the wider public, the public interaction activities will be promoted through the networks and connections of the Supporting Organisations (SOs) of this PE. At the same time, the SDC will publicise the PE through TV Announcements in the Public Interest (APIs), radio broadcast, promotional posters, dedicated website, and roving exhibitions at designated locations.

The Public Engagement Process

Annex 2: International Experience - Measures And Examples

Education and Publicity
Berlin 32

In order to promote climate-aware behaviour, Berlin has put forward a broad spectrum of education and communications strategies for the public and businesses:

  • A “climate saving book” is to promote energy efficiency and sufficiency. It contains tips about climate-friendly consumption and behaviour
  • Measures aimed at changing everyday habits: Berliners could collect points for environment-friendly consumption using a green bonus card and then cash them in, e.g. when they repair defect products instead of disposing them or when they use climate-friendly modes of transport
  • To launch pilot projects and initiatives, e.g. “climate-neutral campus”; turn climate neutrality into mainstream concept and through communication activities and campaigns aimed at groups, e.g. “Energy Efficiency Campaign for Berlin” targeted at the general public
  • To provide advice and expand the network of SMEs for climate-friendly innovations; and establish energy and climate protection fund to support the industry


Enhancing Building Energy Efficiency
New York City (NYC) 33

In 2019, NYC passed the legislation to set carbon emissions caps for large buildings from 2024. The mandate would set increasingly stringent limits on carbon emissions for buildings over 25,000 ft2 (2,322m2), with the goal of achieving a 40% reduction in their emissions by 2030 and 80% by 2050.

To meet the target, it will require energy efficiency upgrades to the heating and air conditioning systems, windows and insulation, etc. of the buildings. Owners of non-compliant buildings will be fined with the amount according to the size of the building and the levels that exceed the carbon caps.

Tokyo 34

In 2010, Tokyo launched its Cap-and-Trade Program. It is the world’s first urban Cap-and-Trade Program at the city level, requiring carbon reduction from large commercial and industrial buildings (i.e. CO2 emitting facilities that consume energy in the amount of 1,500 kiloliters or more (crude oil equivalent) per year).

Building owners are required to meet the allotted reduction targets through on-site energy efficiency measures or the emission trading scheme. The total cap was set at 6% below base-year emissions* for the first compliance period (2010-2014). The cap for the second period (2015-2019) was raised to 17% reduction below base-year emissions, taking into account technological innovations, market efficiencies, and planning for long-term investments.

Note: *Average emissions of any 3 consecutive years from 2002-2007



Decarbonisation in the Energy Sector
Germany 35

In January 2019, the German government announced that it would phase out coal-fired electricity generation by 2038. The decision is subject to review in 2032.

By 2050, Berlin aims to reduce its carbon emissions by 85% compared with the level in 1990. In October 2017, Berlin was the first federal state of Germany to pass law which seeks to phase out the usage of coal, putting an end to coal based electricity and heat generation by 2030. To replace the coal-fired power stations as they are closed down, by building decentralised gas-based Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants which will generate both electricity and district local heating.

Denmark 36

Denmark is a world leading country in wind energy production. In 2017, nearly 44% of Denmark’s electricity consumption was supplied by land and sea wind turbines. Additional wind farms will contribute to further increases in Danish wind power production in the future.

On the other hand, the interconnections with a number of surrounding grids such as Norway, Sweden and Germany allow Denmark to export excessive wind power when necessary, and to import Norwegian hydropower, Swedish nuclear power and German solar power when the wind is still.


Seattle

In the United States, about 70% of the State of Washington’s electricity is derived from renewable energy sources. 37 In 2017, hydroelectric dams supplied 91% of the energy demand in Seattle 38, the largest city in the State of Washington. Seattle City Light, a public energy utilities provider, provides about half of Seattle’s electricity demand through the Skagit River Hydroelectric Project and the Boundary Dam. The remaining energy demand is filled by a mix of other renewable sources (notably wind) and nuclear, and the purchase of power on the wholesale market operated by the Federal Energy Administration. At present, the Federal Energy Administration sells power generated from government-operated hydroelectric dams and nuclear plants to public and private utilities companies located across the wider Pacific Northwest region (including the States of Idaho, Oregon and Washington etc.).



Promoting Green Transport
Norway 39

In 2016, Norway announced its proposed ban on fossil fuel cars, planning to prohibit the selling all petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025. The country introduced a ‘polluter pays’ tax system that was designed to discourage the sales of new petrol or diesel cars and increase the number of EVs. The system posed extra charges for fossil fuel cars using toll roads and ferries depending on emission rates, whereas the services were free for zero or low emission cars.

Oslo, the Norwegian capital, planned to permanently ban all cars from its city center by 2019. To achieve this, Oslo will invest heavily in public transportation and replace 35 miles (about 56 km) of roads previously dominated by cars with bike lanes.

Seoul 40

Car sharing service, based on the concept of ‘co-drivership’ and the notion of ‘sharing economy’, has experienced a rising boom in recent years. It differs from traditional car rentals in that the users can reserve a car over the Internet or through a smartphone app, and can then drive it for only the reserved period of time.

Car sharing can help us save resources and save expenses incurred by owning a vehicle. Seoul launched the Car Sharing Program (Nanum-Car) in 2013 as part of its transportation demand management policy. In an effort to encourage the use of eco-friendly cars, Seoul also initiated an electric car sharing service. Socar, the largest car-sharing service provider in South Korea, stated that the number of subscribers has reached over 3 million in 2017. It was estimated that one out of every 10 Koreans with a driving license is a Socar user.



Economic Opportunities and Financing Mechanisms
Scotland 41

Transitioning to a low carbon economy can lead to significant economic growth while reducing the impacts of climate change. The Scottish Government formulated the Low Carbon Economic Strategy (LCES) as an integral part of the overall economic strategy to secure sustainable economic growth, and to meet Scotland’s climate change targets and secure the transition to a low carbon economy. Key focus areas include Business Environment and Overall Economy, Energy, Built Environment, Transport and Scotland’s Resources.

The United Kingdom (UK) 42

The UK has a world leading stock market. 80 green bonds were listed on the London Stock Exchange, raising more than US$24 billion across seven currencies. In 2018, the UK government announced that it will fund a new Green Finance Institute (the Institute), together with the City of London Corporation, to champion sustainable finance in the UK and abroad. The Institute was one of the policy recommendations by the Green Finance Task Force to boost investment in the low carbon economy and set the UK economy on a path to deep decarbonisation. It aims to bring together the UK’s existing capabilities and create new business opportunities, so that firms from all over the world can gain access to this one-stop platform for linking up world-leading climate science and capital.

Annex 3: Other Measures For The Transition Towards A Low-carbon Society

Town Planning Contributes to Climate Change Mitigation

The proposed spatial framework of “Hong Kong 2030+: Towards a Planning Vision and Strategy Transcending 2030”, a planning study to update the territorial development strategy, comprises among others the creation of economic activities and employment nodes in new strategic growth areas to enhance the distribution of population and employment, create jobs for a range of skills, and bring jobs closer to home that could relieve traffic pressure while reducing vehicular carbon emissions, in order to achieve the goal of building a low-carbon city. We should consider bringing different types of job opportunities in areas with limited economic activities as a town planning strategy. 43

香港2030+

Forests as Carbon Sinks

Carbon sinks are natural systems that soak up and store CO2 from the atmosphere. Forests are great examples. During photosynthesis, trees and plants sequester or absorb CO2 from the atmosphere, using it as food for growth. The carbon from the CO2 becomes part of the plant and is stored as wood, stems and leaves. Although forests do release some CO2 in their natural succession, a healthy forest typically stores carbon at a greater rate than it releases carbon.

In Hong Kong, over 70% of the land is covered by vegetation, which acts as a major carbon sink for our city. The total GHG uptake by carbon sinks in Hong Kong in 2016 was 454,000 tonnes of CO2e, which compares to about 1% of the total GHG emissions in Hong Kong.



Annex 4: Energy Saving Tips

10 Energy Saving Tips For Home 44
Use fans instead of air conditioners as far as possible.
Choose home appliances with “Grade 1” energy label.
Adopt inverter type air conditioners which can save up to 40% annual electricity consumption comparing with non-inverter type air conditioners in general.
Switch off power source of the electronic appliances that are not in use to avoid leaving them in standby mode.
Turn off the lights when not in use.
Check door seals to make sure they are airtight. Avoid opening the refrigerator door too frequently.
Fully load the washing machine – a half load of clothes uses about the same amount of energy as full load.
Replace incandescent bulbs with more efficient LED light bulbs.
Take showers instead of baths uses 50% less hot water and energy.
Choose fan-forced electric ovens which can save more energy over conventional electric ovens.


10 Energy Saving Tips for Office 45
Turn off lights if there is sufficient natural daylight.
Set and maintain air-conditioned average room temperature between 24 °C and 26 °C in summer.
Procure energy efficient office equipment.
Switch off power source of the office equipment that are not in use. Avoid leaving them in standby mode.
Reduce the brightness level of the screen to the lowest comfortable level.
Install occupancy / motion sensors to automatically switch on and off the air-conditioning and lighting in areas infrequently used.
Dress light to minimise the use of air conditioning.
Unplug all equipment chargers and adapters when they are not in use.
Carry out regular maintenance on office equipment for optimal energy efficiency performance.
Arrange the last-person-out to check and switch off the power source to all air conditioning, lighting and office equipment that are not in use.

Annex 5: What Are We Doing To Promote Energy Saving And Efficiency?

Law and Regulations

  • The Government will progressively tighten the statutory energy efficiency standards in buildings, and review the Building Energy Code (BEC) every three years. The latest standards (the 2018 BEC) will be fully effective in August 2019 and bring about 18% improvement when compared with the 2012 edition.

Labelling Schemes

  • In May 2018, legislative amendments were passed to introduce the third phase of the Mandatory Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme (MEELS). Starting on 1 June 2018, more types of domestic electrical products have been included in the MEELS. With a 18-month grace period, the third phase of MEELs will be fully implemented from December 2019.

Tax Concessions

  • Further acceleration of tax deduction for renewable energy and energy-efficient building installations from five years to one year.

Funding

  • Under the respective post-2018 Scheme of Control Agreements signed between the Government and the two power companies, the amount of the existing energy efficiency funds of the power companies has been increased to support energy saving and retro-commissioning projects, including implementing smart/IT technologies in buildings. New funds have been established to support the replacement or upgrading of electrical appliances to more energy efficient models. Power companies will also conduct free energy audits for non-residential premises to identify potential energy saving opportunities.

Technology Advancement and Innovation

  • EMSD promotes different energy-saving measures and technologies to the industry, such as retro-commissioning and smart energy-saving devices.
  • EMSD launched the online platform E&M InnoPortal to promote energy efficiency and conservation as well as renewable energy through innovation and technology (I&T). The platform matches the I&T wishes of the Government, public bodies and the trades with solutions offered by start-ups and academic institutes. EMSD also provides Government premises to field-test matched solutions.
  • The two power companies will launch a 7-year programme to replace their electromechanical meters with smart meters and backend facilities by 2025. Smart meters will help achieve energy saving by providing customers with power consumption information, which help induce behavioural change to save energy.

District Cooling Systems

  • The Government is implementing by phases a district cooling system (DCS) at the Kai Tak Development. It will also study the provision of DCS in new development areas such as the Tung Chung New Town Extension.

Passive Energy Saving Building Designs

  • The Buildings (Energy Efficiency) Regulation requires commercial and hotel buildings to meet the Overall Thermal Transfer Value (“OTTV”) standards to reduce energy consumption for air-conditioning. The Government further promulgated a new Residential Thermal Transfer Value (“RTTV”) standard for residential buildings which took effect in April 2015. The OTTV standard and the RTTV standard are subject to regular reviews and the former will be reviewed twice before end 2025.

Energy and Carbon Audits

  • EMSD completed energy audits on about 340 major government buildings in 2016 and 2017 to identify energy management opportunities.
  • Starting from April 2017, bureaux and departments are required to start conducting regular carbon audits on major government buildings with a view to exploring room for carbon reduction and to disclose their carbon emissions information.

Green Building Certification

  • A new BEAM Plus rating with the option of selective assessment in addition to comprehensive assessment has been developed for existing buildings to encourage building owners to consider applying for BEAM Plus Existing Building certification when retrofitting and/or managing buildings. The Government has committed that all new government buildings of construction floor area above 5,000 m2 with central air-conditioning, or above 10,000 m2, should aim to obtain the second highest grade (i.e. “Gold” rating) or above under BEAM Plus.
  • The Chief Executive’s 2018 Policy Address also encourages bureaux and departments to apply for green building certification for buildings under their management to demonstrate the Government’s commitment to low-carbon growth.

Publicity and Education

  • ENB and EMSD have organised the “Energy Saving for All” Campaign to encourage energy saving in the business sector, non-governmental organisations, as well as schools and tertiary education institutions. A dedicated website (www.energysaving.gov.hk) has been set up to promote energy saving by providing information such as energy saving tips.
  • EMSD has also organised an Energy Saving Charter in which signatories pledge to practise energy saving measures such as switching off electrical appliances when not in use; and a 4T Charter under which participants pledge to set an energy saving target with a timeline, ensure transparency to track the result, and encourage people to work together on the target. The Government has also launched a dialogue platform with major stakeholders in the built environment to encourage them to set energy saving target and timeline for their building stocks.

Annex 6: Estimated Carbon Emissions Reductions Upon Implementation Of All Energy Saving Measures

Estimated total annual reduction in carbon emissions arising from all energy saving measures is about 1.7 million tonnes, equivalent to 4% of Hong Kong’s total annual carbon emissions in 2016.

About 750 new buildings and 7,000 major retrofitting works in existing buildings have complied with the statutory energy efficiency standards since 2012.

Emissions reduced annually
=
1,050,000 tonnes

The three phases of Mandatory Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme cover eight types of domestic electrical products which together account for about 70% of the annual electricity consumption in the residential sector.

Emissions reduced annually
=
437,500 tonnes

Government buildings have achieved an overall electricity saving of about 4.9% since 2015 and on track to achieve the 5% target.

Emissions reduced annually
=
50,000 tonnes

Relevant departments will carry out energy saving measures, etc. in Government infrastructure to achieve the aggregate 4% electricity consumption saving target by 2019- 20.

Emissions reduced annually
=
30,000 tonnes

The latest (2018) edition of Building Energy Code achieves a further energy saving of about 18% compared with the 2012 edition.

Emissions reduced annually
=
17,000 tonnes

The three phases of District Cooling System at the Kai Tak Development upon completion by 2025 will result in an estimated energy saving of 85 million kWh a year.

Emissions reduced annually
=
60,000 tonnes

The new proposed District Cooling System at the Kai Tak Development upon will result in an estimated energy saving of 53 million kWh a year.

Emissions reduced annually
=
37,000 tonnes

Annex 7: More About The Electricity Generating Sector

Energy Policy Objectives 46

In considering our long-term fuel mix, we should take into account our four key policy objectives to ensure that the energy needs of the community are met safely, reliably and at reasonable prices as well as to minimize the environmental impact of energy production and use.


Reliability

We have higher proportion of high rise buildings than anywhere else in the world with more than 50% of Hong Kongers live or work above the 15th floor. We also have more than 5 million passenger trips a day on electric transit services. Our road network, airport or even elevators in our buildings could not function without electricity; nor could water supply, which is dependent upon electricity to power its pumps.

Hong Kong has been enjoying a world-class standard of supply reliability with the average unplanned interruption of less than three minutes a year.


Safety

The two power companies have been maintaining a high safety record in the whole electricity supply chain.

Apart from the safe operation of local generation facilities, Hong Kong has been importing nuclear power safely from Daya Bay for the last 25 years with a proven track record.


Affordability

Our electricity tariff is lower than that of many major cities in the world.

Households in Hong Kong on average spent less than 2% of their total expenditure on electricity bill.


Environmental Performance

The Government has not allowed the power companies to build new coal-fired power plants since 1997.

The two power companies have met the increasingly stringent emissions caps set by the Government. It is also anticipated that carbon emissions will peak before 2020 with our phasing down of coal-fired electricity generation.


Getting To Know More About Our Fuel Types 47
Note: The assessment of different fuel types is based on existing technology.

Fuel Types Reliability Environmental Performance Cost Availability
Coal
Reliability:
High

Can be stored on site and quick response to meet demand changes

Environmental Performance:
Poor

High carbon and other air pollutant emissions

Cost:
Low
Availability:
Adequate supply
Natural Gas
Reliability:
High

Quick response to meet demand changes

Environmental Performance:
Medium

Outperforms coal in carbon and other air pollutant emission performance but still generates carbon emissions and cannot help meet higher carbon reduction target

Cost:
High and volatile
Availability:
Adequate supply
Nuclear
Reliability:
High

Enable large scale steady base-load electricity

Environmental Performance:
Good

Zero carbon and will not produce other air pollutant emissions, but need to handle nuclear waste

Cost:
Medium
Availability:
Available regionally
Renewable Energy
Reliability:
Low

Most renewable energy is intermittent in nature and requires supports from other stable fuel sources (e.g. fossil fuel or nuclear)

Environmental Performance:
Good

Low carbon and generate low level of air pollutant emissions

Cost:
High

The current cost of RE generation is comparatively high and requires additional cost for back up support from other fuel sources

Availability:
Available regionally to a certain extent. Relatively limited local availability

Government’s Renewable Energy Facilitation Measures

Public sector taking the lead

  • $2 billion earmarked for installation of small-scale renewable energy systems in government buildings, venues and community facilities.
  • Large scale renewable energy projects adopted such as constructing waste-to-energy facilities and exploring the installation of floating PV systems at suitable reservoirs and PV panels at suitable landfills.

Facilitate the private sector to adopt renewable energy

  • Feed-in Tariff (FiT) Scheme introduced to provide incentives for the non-governmental sector to invest in renewable energy.
  • Buildings-related requirements in relation to the installation of PV systems relaxed.
  • New programme “Solar Harvest” to be introduced to provide technical and financial support to schools and NGOs for installation of small-scale renewable energy systems.
  • Tax incentive provided so that the capital expenditure on renewable energy installations may be fully deducted in the first year of purchase.
  • Legislative amendments pursued to provide for exemption from the requirements of business registration and profits tax in respect of participation in the FiT Scheme.


Regional Cooperation Through Dedicated And Non-dedicated Transmission Lines
  • Apart from the performance of different fuel types, the way we import electricity also affects the reliability of power supplies for Hong Kong.
  • At present, CLP imports power from the Guangzhou Pumped Storage Power Station through the non-dedicated Guangdong transmission system and from the Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station (DBNPS) through dedicated transmission lines with decoupling arrangement in place.
  • Both transmission systems have been reliable in the past but the dedicated transmission lines with decoupling arrangement offers additional reliability. The DBNPS is directly connected so its output can be directly delivered to the CLP’s system. In case the Guangdong grid becomes unstable, CLP can implement a decoupling arrangement to disconnect its power system from the Mainland to avoid being affected. Moreover, when CLP’s system is disconnected from the Guangdong grid, the generating units at the DBNPS can be retained in CLP’s system through the dedicated lines to maintain the supply of electricity from the DBNPS to Hong Kong.



Planning Of Power Systems
  • The electricity demand of a power system varies from time to time depending on the overall electricity usage pattern of consumers. Usually on hot and humid summer days, demand reaches peak, normally termed “maximum demand”.
  • Power companies need to have sufficient capacity to produce the energy customers want to use at all times, whenever they want to use it. The capacity is from firm capacity, which can be readily dispatched to deliver electricity on demand.
  • Local coal and gas generations provide firm capacity but burning coal and gas generates carbon emissions. Different types of zero carbon energy provide different levels of firm capacity – our present imported nuclear power supply provides firm capacity while for renewable energy, apart from waste to energy, many other sources such as solar and wind are intermittent and the available energy at any one time is unpredictable (e.g. cloud cover or wind speed varies from minute to minute). In other words, it is uncertain whether enough renewable energy would be available to meet customer demand at all times. Therefore, to ensure high level of supply reliability, we cannot solely rely on renewable energy in meeting our demand. A twin-track strategy needs to be adopted, which is to import much more renewable energy at times when good supplies are available but switch to local gas generation and use other firm and decoupleable zero carbon energy sources when renewable energy supplies are limited or reduced, so as to maintain Hong Kong’s world-class reliability.

Annex 8: List Of Organisations Supporting This Public Engagement Exercise

Public Bodies
  • Airport Authority Hong Kong
  • Consumer Council
  • Hong Kong Housing Authority
  • Hong Kong Housing Society
  • Hong Kong Productivity Council
  • Urban Renewal Authority
Universities, Tertiary Institutions and Education Sector
  • Chu Hai College of Higher Education
  • City University of Hong Kong
  • Hong Kong Baptist University
  • Hong Kong Shue Yan University
  • Lingnan University
  • The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • The Education University of Hong Kong
  • The Hang Seng University of Hong Kong
  • The Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts
  • The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • The Hong Kong University of Science & Technology
  • The Open University of Hong Kong
  • The University of Hong Kong
  • Vocational Training Council
Research Institutions/Think Tanks
  • Centre of Architectural Research for Education, Elderly, Environment and Excellence Limited (CARE)
  • Civic Exchange
Vehicles-related Organisations
  • Environmental Vehicle Repairers Association
  • Federation of Automobile Services Industry Hong Kong
  • H.K.L.H.D. Motors Association Limited
  • Hong Kong Automobile Association
  • Hong Kong E-Vehicles Business General Association Limited
  • Hong Kong Taxi & PLB Association
  • Public Omnibus Operators Association
  • Right Hand Drive Motors Association (Hong Kong) Limited
  • The Motor Traders Association of Hong Kong
Professional Organisations
  • Asian Institute of Intelligent Buildings
  • BEAM Society
  • Building Services Operation and Maintenance Executives Society
  • Canadian Society for Civil Engineering Hong Kong Branch
  • Chartered Institute of Housing Asian Pacific Branch
  • Engineers Australia Hong Kong Chapter
  • Environmental Management Association of Hong Kong
  • Hong Kong Association of Energy Engineers
  • Hong Kong Environmental Industry Association
  • Hong Kong Green Building Council
  • Hong Kong Institute of Qualified Environmental Professionals
  • Hong Kong Institute of Urban Design
  • International Facility Management Association Hong Kong Chapter
  • Professional Building Surveying Consultants Association of Hong Kong
  • Professional Green Building Council
  • The Association of Consulting Engineers of Hong Kong
  • The Chartered Institute of Building (Hong Kong)
  • The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in Hong Kong
  • The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers Hong Kong Branch
  • The Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management Hong Kong
  • The Energy Institute Hong Kong (Branch)
  • The Hong Kong Institute of Architects
  • The Hong Kong Association of Property Management Companies
  • The Hong Kong Institute of Facility Management
  • The Hong Kong Institute of Housing
  • The Hong Kong Institute of Landscape Architects
  • The Hong Kong Institute of Planners
  • The Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors
  • The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers
  • The Society of Operations Engineers, Hong Kong Region
Business-related Organisations
  • Federation of Hong Kong Industries
  • Hong Kong Construction Association
  • Hong Kong Hotels Association
  • Junior Chamber International Hong Kong
  • New Territories General Chamber of Commerce
  • New Zealand Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong
  • The American Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong
  • The British Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong
  • The Chinese General Chamber of Commerce
  • The Chinese Manufacturers’ Association of Hong Kong
  • The French Chamber of Commerce & Industry in Hong Kong
  • The Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce
  • The Hong Kong General Chamber of Small and Medium Business
  • The Real Estate Developers Association of Hong Kong
Non-governmental Organisations/School Sponsoring Bodies
  • Caritas Hong Kong
  • Chinese Young Men’s Christian Association of Hong Kong
  • Christian Family Service Centre
  • English Schools Foundation
  • Hong Chi Association
  • Hong Kong Christian Council
  • Hong Kong Federation of Women
  • Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui
  • Hong Kong Women Development Association Limited
  • Hong Kong Women Workers’ Association
  • Hong Kong Young Women’s Christian Association
  • New Life Psychiatric Rehabilitation Association
  • School of Everyday Life
  • Soap Cycling
  • St James’ Settlement
  • The Boys’ Brigade, Hong Kong
  • The Chinese Muslim Cultural and Fraternal Association
  • The Confucian Academy
  • The Hong Kong Buddhist Association
  • The Hong Kong Council of Social Service
  • The Hong Kong Federation of Youth Groups
  • The Hong Kong Girl Guides Association
  • The Hong Kong Jockey Club
  • The Hong Kong Taoist Association
  • The Salvation Army
  • Tung Wah Group of Hospitals
  • Women Service Association
  • Yan Chai Hospital
  • Yan Oi Tong
  • Young Men’s Christian Association of Hong Kong
Concern Groups
  • 350HK
  • Business Environment Council
  • C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group, China Representative Office
  • CarbonCare InnoLab
  • Environmental Association
  • Friends of the Earth (HK)
  • Green Council
  • Green Power
  • Green Sense
  • Greeners Action
  • Hong Kong Bird Watching Society
  • Hong Kong Green Strategy Alliance
  • Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
  • Smart City Consortium
  • Sustainable Development Solutions Network Hong Kong
  • The Conservancy Association
  • The Green Earth
  • The Jane Goodall Institute Hong Kong
  • The Jockey Club Museum of Climate Change
  • V’air Hong Kong
  • World Green Organisation
  • World Wide Fund for Nature Hong Kong

Chapter 4 References
Scroll to Top